Principal Legislation
Log in

Login to your account

Username *
Password *
Remember Me





   1.   Interpretation.


   2.   National Citizenship and Immigration Board.

   3.   Functions of the board.

   4.   Meetings of the board.

   5.   Immigration officers.

   6.   Powers and duties of immigration officers, etc.

   7.   Inspectors and investigators.

   8.   Protection of immigration officers.

   9.   Minister's powers of direction.


   10.   Prohibited immigrants.

   11.   Entry into Uganda.


   12.   Entry permit.

   13.   Certificate of residence.

   14.   Registers.

   15.   Production of entry permit, etc.

   16.   Restrictions for noncitizens.


   17.   Deportation orders.

   18.   Place of deportation.

   19.   Arrest of deportees in transit from other countries.

   20.   Repatriation.


   21.   Offences and penalties.

   22.   Regulations.

   23.   Application.

      First Schedule   Classes of entry permit.

      Second Schedule   Application for certificate of residence.


Commencement: 2 April, 1969;
1 May, 1970.

   An Act to consolidate and amend the law regulating immigration into Uganda and for other purposes incidental to and connected therewith.


1.   Interpretation.

   In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires—

   (a)   "appointed member" means a member of the board appointed by the President under section 2(1);

   (b)   "board" means the National Citizenship and Immigration Board established under section 2;

   (c)   "chairperson" means the chairperson of the board;

   (d)   "commissioner" means the commissioner established under section 5;

   (e)   "destitute person" means a person who is, in the opinion of the commissioner of immigration, incapable of supporting himself or herself and his or her dependents, if any;

   (f)   "document of identity" means a document establishing the nationality and identity of the holder for the time being in force issued or renewed by the government of the State of which the holder is a subject or citizen or some other valid document of identity satisfactorily establishing the holder's nationality and identity;

   (g)   "entry permit" means a permit granted under section 12;

   (h)   "functions" includes powers and duties;

   (i)   "Minister" means the Minister to whom functions under this Act are assigned;

   (j)   "pass" means a pass granted pursuant to section 22.


2.   National Citizenship and Immigration Board.

   (1) There shall be a National Citizenship and Immigration Board which shall consist of a chairperson and not less than four other persons appointed by the President with the approval of Parliament.

   (2) Each member of the board shall be a person of high moral character and proven integrity.

   (3) A member of the board shall hold office for a period of two years and shall be eligible for reappointment.

   (4) Any member of the board may resign his or her office by writing under his or her hand addressed to the Minister or may be removed from office by the Minister for failure or inability to discharge the functions of his or her office.

   (5) Subject to subsections (3) and (4), a member of the board shall hold office upon such terms and conditions, including remuneration, as the Minister may determine.

   (6) The commissioner for immigration shall be the secretary to the board, but not a member of the board, and shall perform such functions as may be assigned to him or her by the board.

   (7) This Act and any other enactment relating to immigration, other than the Constitution, shall have effect with such modifications as may be necessary to give effect to subsection (1).

3.   Functions of the board.

   (1) The functions of the board shall include—

   (a)   registering and issuing national identity cards to citizens;

   (b)   issuing Uganda passports and other travel documents;

   (c)   granting and cancelling citizenship by registration and naturalisation;

   (d)   granting and cancelling immigration permits; and

   (e)   registering and issuing identity cards to aliens.

   (2) The functions of the board set out in subsection (1)(a), (b) and (d) may be decentralised to the district level.

   (3) It shall be the duty of the board—

   (a)   to determine whether or not an entry permit shall be granted to any person under this Act;

   (b)   to determine any question under this Act or any regulation made under the Act, which may be referred to it by the Minister;

   (c)   to perform such other functions as may be imposed upon it by or under this Act.

   (4) A person aggrieved by the decision of the board made under this section may, within one month of the date he or she is notified of the decision, or within such additional time as the Minister may allow, appeal to the Minister, and the decision of the Minister thereon shall be final and shall not be questioned in any court.

4.   Meetings of the board.

   (1) The board shall meet for the discharge of its functions under this Act at least once in every month at such place and time as the chairperson shall appoint.

   (2) In the absence of the chairperson the Permanent Secretary, Ministry of Internal Affairs shall act as chairperson, and in the absence of both the chairperson and the Permanent Secretary, a member of the board nominated by the Minister shall preside.

   (3) The quorum at any meeting of the board shall be five.

   (4) Questions proposed at a meeting of the board shall be determined by a simple majority of the members of the board present and voting; and in the case of an equality of votes, the person presiding at the meeting shall have a casting vote.

   (5) Except as is provided in this section, the board may regulate its own procedure.

   (6) Nothing done by the board shall be treated as invalid by reason of a deficiency in the number of its members provided any such action is subsequently ratified by the board.

5.   Immigration officers.

   There shall be a commissioner for immigration, principal immigration officers, senior and other immigration officers as may be considered necessary for better carrying out the provisions of this Act.

6.   Powers and duties of immigration officers, etc.

   (1) For the purpose of exercising his or her functions under this Act, an immigration officer may—

   (a)   without a search warrant, enter upon and search any ship, aircraft, train or vehicle in Uganda;

   (b)   interrogate any person whom he or she reasonably believes—

      (i)   is about to enter or leave Uganda;

      (ii)   is a prohibited immigrant; or

      (iii)   is able to give any information regarding any infringement or suspected infringement of this Act or any regulations made under this Act;

   (c)   require any person who desires to enter Uganda—

      (i)   to make and sign a declaration in such form as may be prescribed by regulations made under this Act;

      (ii)   to submit himself or herself to a medical examination by a medical practitioner appointed by the Minister responsible for health;

   (d)   require the person in charge of a ship, aircraft, train or vehicle arriving from or leaving for any place outside Uganda to furnish a list in duplicate, signed by him or her, of the names of all persons in his or her ship, aircraft, train or vehicle;

   (e)   if there is reasonable cause to suspect that any person has contravened any of the provisions of this Act or that his or her presence in Uganda is unlawful, and, if in order to prevent the purposes of this Act from being defeated it is necessary to arrest that person immediately, arrest the person without a warrant, and the provisions of section 17 of the Criminal Procedure Code Act shall apply to the arrest;

   (f)   enter upon any premises during reasonable hours and investigate any matter relating to immigration.

   (2) An immigration officer may require any person—

   (a)   to declare whether or not he or she is carrying or conveying any documents;

   (b)   to produce to the officer any documents which he or she is carrying or conveying,

and may search any person and any baggage belonging to that person or under his or her control, in order to ascertain whether that person is carrying or convening any documents and may examine and detain for such time as the immigration officer thinks proper for the purpose of examination, any documents produced to him or her or found on the search.

   (3) An immigration officer may in writing require any person to attend at his or her office and to furnish to that officer such information, documents and other particulars as are necessary for the purposes of determining whether that person should be permitted to remain in Uganda.

   (4) The powers conferred upon an immigration officer by subsection (2) may be exercised by a police officer.

7.   Inspectors and investigator

This section of the article is only available for our subscribers. Please click here to subscribe to a subscription plan to view this part of the article.